T1D is an auto-immune condition that prevents the body from producing insulin. T1D cannot be prevented or cured yet, but significant progress has been made towards its treatment. Our fundraising supports this work.
Type one diabetes (T1D) involves the pancreas no longer being able to produce an important hormone called insulin. Without insulin, the body’s cells (and importantly, the brain) cannot turn glucose (sugar) into energy. Untreated, T1D poses significant health risks both in the short and long-term.
To stay alive, people with T1D depend on up to and, in some cases, more than 4 insulin injections every day of their lives. They must test their blood glucose levels several times daily. T1D ordinarily first presents in childhood, but can appear in people as late as 30 years old. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10-15% of all cases of diabetes.
Cause of Type 1 Diabetes
The exact cause of T1D is not yet known, but we do know it is more likely to present in children of people with the condition, and that it cannot be prevented. It has nothing to do with lifestyle, although maintaining a healthy lifestyle is very important in managing T1D.
At this stage nothing can be done to prevent or cure type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
The following are symptoms that might be experienced before diagnosis with T1D:
- Excessive thirst
- Passing urine more frequently
- Lethargy and persistent tiredness
- Relentless hunger
- Cuts take longer to heal
- Itching and skin infections
- Blurred vision
- Unexplained and dramatic weight loss
- Mood swings
- Feeling dizzy
- Leg cramps
These symptoms may occur suddenly. If they occur, see a doctor. A doctor can easily determine if these are related to T1D.
Managing Type 1 Diabetes
While there is currently no cure for T1D, the disease can be managed through maintaining a healthy lifestyle, regular blood glucose testing and insulin.
For more information visit the Diabetes Australia Website.